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7 Common Foot Ailments That Require a Visit to a Podiatrist

Trying to treat these yourself is probably not the best idea.

Researched, written by Amber & The Team
Updated on January 11, 2024

Person Experiences Pain In Their Feet

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Our feet are integral to our daily routines, offering the much-needed support and mobility to keep us moving.

Despite their resilience, our feet can face numerous challenges, exposing them to stresses and strains that may result in discomfort and pain.

Although some foot issues may naturally resolve over time, certain conditions demand the expertise of a trained professional – podiatrist.

Podiatrists are specialists equipped to diagnose and treat a diverse range of foot ailments.

To make sure you are in the best hands, it’s crucial to choose trained and licensed podiatrists (like Align HC or other high-profile experts).

Let’s learn which common foot conditions underscore the importance of seeking professional care from a podiatrist.


7 Foot Conditions That Should Be Treated By a Podiatrist


Plantar Fasciitis


Plantar fasciitis is a prevalent condition characterised by inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot.

It often leads to heel pain, especially during the first steps in the morning.

Podiatrists can recommend the best stretching exercises, orthotic inserts, and other treatments to alleviate discomfort.


Ingrown Toenails


Ingrown toenails occur when the edge of a toenail grows into the surrounding skin, causing pain, redness, and swelling.

Attempting to address this issue at home is dangerous and can lead to infections.

A podiatrist can treat ingrown toenails safely and effectively, relieving and preventing complications.




Bunions are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe, causing it to deviate towards the smaller toes.

This deformity can result in pain, swelling, and difficulty finding comfortable footwear.

Podiatrists may recommend the most fitting conservative measures, such as custom orthotics or surgical intervention in severe cases.


Athlete’s Foot


Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection that commonly affects the skin between the toes, leading to itching, redness, and peeling.

Podiatrists can prescribe antifungal medications and offer advice on proper foot hygiene to eradicate the infection and prevent its recurrence.


Heel Spurs


Heel spurs are bony protrusions on the heel bone’s underside.

They can cause intense pain and discomfort, particularly when standing or walking.

Podiatrists can assess the cause of heel spurs and recommend appropriate treatments, which may include orthotics, stretches, or in some cases, surgical intervention.


Flat Feet


Flat feet, or fallen arches, occur when the arches of the feet collapse, leading to issues with gait and stability.

Podiatrists can thoroughly examine the cause of flat feet and recommend interventions, such as custom arch supports, exercises, or, in severe cases, corrective surgery.


Corns and Calluses


Corns and calluses are thickened layers of skin that develop in response to friction or pressure.

While over-the-counter remedies may provide temporary relief, podiatrists can address the underlying cause, offer professional removal, and provide guidance on preventing their recurrence.


Frequently Asked Questions


Do I Need a Referral to See a Podiatrist?


You don’t usually need a referral to see a podiatrist.

You can make an appointment directly.

However, some insurance plans may require a referral, so it’s wise to check with your healthcare provider or insurance company beforehand.


Are Custom Orthotics Necessary for Everyone with Foot Ailments?


Not necessarily.

While custom orthotics can be beneficial for many individuals with foot issues, they are not a one-size-fits-all solution.

Podiatrists assess each patient individually and may recommend off-the-shelf orthotics or other interventions based on the specific condition and severity.


Can I Wear High Heels Occasionally without Harming My Feet?


Wearing high heels occasionally is generally acceptable, but prolonged use can lead to various foot problems, including bunions and metatarsalgia.

If you experience discomfort after wearing high heels, it’s advisable to consult a podiatrist for guidance on footwear choices and preventive measures.


Is Surgery the Only Option for Treating Bunions?


No, surgery is not always the first or only option for treating bunions.

Podiatrists often explore conservative measures first, such as changes in footwear, orthotics, and exercises.

Surgical intervention is considered when non-invasive methods do not provide sufficient relief.


Can I Treat Athlete’s Foot with Over-the-Counter Medications?


Mild cases of athlete’s foot may respond to over-the-counter antifungal medications.

However, if the infection persists or worsens, it’s recommended to consult a podiatrist.

They can provide a more accurate diagnosis, prescribe stronger medications, and offer advice on preventing future occurrences.


Do I Need to See a Podiatrist for Flat Feet, or Can I Manage It on My Own?


While some people with flat feet may find relief through exercises and supportive footwear, others may require professional intervention.

If you experience persistent pain or discomfort due to flat feet, consulting a podiatrist can help determine the most effective treatment plan for your specific situation.




Caring for our feet is essential for overall well-being, and addressing foot problems promptly can prevent more severe complications.

If you are experiencing persistent foot pain or discomfort, consulting with a podiatrist is a wise decision.

These specialists possess the expertise to diagnose and treat a wide range of foot ailments, helping you regain comfort and mobility in your daily life.

Remember, healthy feet contribute significantly to our overall quality of life, so don’t hesitate to seek professional care when needed.

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