Vasectomy Explained: What It Is + Advantages & Risks To Consider

“Vasectomy Explained” is an informational article that introduces this procedure and explores important things to know.

Researched, written by
Updated on May 19, 2023

Middle Age Couple Hugging After Getting Vasectomy Explained To Them

// We recommend helpful products in our articles. Read our full disclosure here.

Your subscription could not be saved. Please try again.
Your subscription has been successful!

It's good to KNOW.

Subscribe to our newsletter for fresh, life-improving topics.

If you are looking into permanent male birth control methods, you have probably heard about vasectomy surgery. Vasectomy is known to be almost 100% effective and is often recommended to couples who do not want to have kids in the future.

Before you decide to go through a vasectomy procedure, there are a couple of things you should know. Schedule a consultation with your doctor, or visit the vasectomy clinic to talk honestly about the procedure, your expectations, fears, and other things.


Vasectomy Explained

Let’s take a look at this intriguing procedure.


What is a vasectomy?


A vasectomy is surgery, usually done in the doctor’s office, in a clinic, or in a hospital. During this surgery, your doctor will cut and block the tubes in charge of transferring sperm to the semen, called vas deferens. Because of this, your semen will become sterile, and you can avoid unwanted pregnancies in the future.

Your doctor can choose to perform the traditional or no-scalpel vasectomy procedure. Both are designed to do the same thing but are performed differently.

  • The traditional vasectomy requires a surgeon to make cuts on each side of the scrotum with a scalpel. Through these cuts, they can reach the vas deferens, cut and block them.
  • During the no-scalpel vasectomy procedure, your surgeon will use a device designed to make tiny puncture wounds. They will use those puncture wounds to reach the vas deferens, in order to make your semen sterile. The surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure under local anesthesia.


Advantages Of Getting a Vasectomy


  • Vasectomies are nearly 100% effective. Research says that 1 in 2000 women get pregnant after having sex with a partner who has had a vasectomy. This makes vasectomy surgery a very reliable birth control method.


  • No need for general anesthesia. The vasectomy is a very quick surgery that does not carry many risks. It can be done in the doctor’s office, and there is no need for general anesthesia. Instead, your doctor will use local anesthesia to numb the area.


  • Lower health risks. When compared to tubal ligations, a vasectomy carries fewer risks. You do not have to go under general anesthesia, which lessens the risks of anesthesia complications alone. There is also less risk of bleeding and infection, and there are no vital organs in the area where the procedure is done.


  • Insurance might cover the procedure. In most cases, your insurance will cover the vasectomy surgery, which means the overall cost will be significantly lower. But you need to check this with your insurance.


  • Your sexual desires will not be affected. You do not have to worry about your sexual drive, performance, or even the production of semen. The only thing a vasectomy surgery does is make your semen sterile.


  • The procedure is almost always reversible. While it is not advised that you go through with the surgery if you are not 100% sure that you do not want to have biological children in the future, the vasectomy can be reversed in most cases.


What About Vasectomy Risks?


The biggest risk of vasectomy surgery is that you might change your mind. In cases the vasectomy reversal does not work, you would have to look into other ways of having a biological child. For example, Vitro fertilization is an option, but this method is a bit expensive and not always effective.

The vasectomy procedure can also carry a few side effects. Some of these include:

  • Bleeding or hematoma inside the scrotum.
  • Bruising of the scrotum.
  • Blood in the semen.
  • Mild pain and discomfort.
  • Infection of the surgery site.

If you feel anything out of the ordinary, make sure to call your doctor. Before and after vasectomy, your doctor should tell you everything you need to know about the surgery and what you can expect. Having a fever, extreme pain, blood oozing, or anything similar is not normal.

Make sure to always visit your doctor, even if your questions seem minor and not important. You can also consider visiting a vasectomy clinic for help.

Man Debating Before Getting A Vasectomy


Final word


A vasectomy is an effective permanent birth control method that can prevent unwanted pregnancies. It is a good choice for couples who do not want to have kids in the future.

In most cases, the vasectomy can be reversed, but you should never go through with it unless you are 100% that this is the right birth control method for you. If you are unsure, talk to your doctor to learn more.

Co-authors at

"We love to research, examine, analyze, and present to you the best ideas that make life better. You can learn about our editorial standards here."

This article was proofread by Grammarly

woman experiencing signs of vitamin d deficiency

7 Telltale Signs Of Vitamin D Deficiency + Simple Ways To Treat It

Being deficient in Vitamin D left me exhausted, sad and even made my knee cartilage too soft (ouch!). Don't miss these signs I ignored.
fermented foods kimchi

Fermented Foods Should Be a Staple In Our Diet – Here’s Why

I didn't know fermented foods were so epic until I did this research.
asian man putting in headphones to meditate

6 Ways Daily Meditation Can Improve Your Mental Health

Meditation will make you feel balanced, calm, and content with your life.
Why We Should Be Using Cruelty-Free & Sustainable Beauty Products

Why We Should Be Using Cruelty-Free & Sustainable Beauty Products

Choosing cruelty-free and sustainable products goes a loooooong way.
strained eyes

How to Protect Your Eyes From Extended Screen Time

Digital Eye Strain or Computer Vision Syndrome, haven’t you heard of it before?
woman smoking at the bar

7 Ways Your Lifestyle Affects Your Sleep

Have trouble catching a snooze at night? You may want to look closely at your lifestyle.
woman tracking her period with a diy period tracker

5 Reasons To Track Your Period + Free Period Tracker

If you aren't tracking your periods yet, this is a must for you.
How To Have a Wonderful Wellness Day At Home

How To Have a Wonderful Wellness Day At Home

It's the best thing you can do if you have a whole day for yourself.
woman doing squats to gain weight in form of lean muscle

6 Healthy Weight GAIN Tips for Women

In order to gain healthy weight, you need to consistently eat more of the right types of foods.
isabgol granulles on the spoon

10 Amazing Isabgol Benefits For Health (Psyllium Husk)

If you are looking for a good, natural source of fiber, there is probably no better option than (Isabgol) Psyllium Husk!
unrecognizable woman takes cbd gummies for insomnia

Is Snacking On CBD Good For Your Sleep?

CBD products and oils are handy to reduce stress, anxiety, and improve sleep.
10 MASSIVE Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting + How It Helps With Weight Loss

10 MASSIVE Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting + How It Helps With Weight Loss

IF is incredibly popular because of these huge, undeniable benefits.

Read More

Physical Health